Competitions in Qwan Ki Do:

Technique and competition

Qwan Ki Do is unique due to the richness of its techniques:  these include grasp and immobilize (Cam Na) and zoomorphic techniques (Linh Thu)…  The additional study of traditional arms (Co Vo Dao) - completely indispensable to the practice of this martial art -  is an  important part of the training program.  Some traditional weapons, can be studied by the practitioner.
In Qwan Ki Do, refereeing and competition rules were set up by the Founder, Pham Xuan Tong, and cover all aspects of the practice:
Free combat or Giao Dau: By teams of two, three or five, wearing one glove. Only the gloved hand is allowed to touch the head, but not the eyes, nose or mouth; the non gloved hand is allowed for body blows. Groin pads, mouthguards, and shin/instep guards are mandatory. For children and females, the wearing of two gloves and headgear with face cage are also mandatory.
Forms or Giau Dau Ky Thuat (individually or in teams).
Traditional weapons or Giao Dau Binh Khi (individually or in teams): the following protection is mandatory: Full headgear with face cage and neck protection, chest and abdomen guards (front, back, flanks), gloves, groin pad (male and female), arm and shin guards. (All these safety gear must be approved and authorized by the International Qwan Ki Do Federation and Associated Disciplines).

The important part of Qwan Ki Do allows the practitioner to evaluate his own progress in self-control, control of his moves and of his creativity. Competition is not obligatory and one can, within the club, practice free combat techniques, without winner or loser, in order to evaluate one's strengths and weaknesses.
National competitions are organized by national groups, affiliated with and recognized by the International Qwan Ki Do Federation and Associated Disciplines (I.Q.K.D.F.).
International and world competitions are governed by the I.Q.K.D.F.

Five World Championships have taken place since 1994:

1st Qwan Ki Do World Championship Milan, Italy, 1994
2nd Qwan Ki Do World Championship Abidjan, Ivory Coast, 1998
3rd Qwan Ki Do World Championship Berlin Germany, 2003
4th Qwan Ki Do World Championship Bucharest, Romania, 2007
5th Qwan Ki Do World Championship Rabat Morocco, 2011

Tu Huan and Tranh Thu

Giao Dau and Ky Thuat

1) Giao Dau Tu Huan: Sparring training
2) Tranh Thu Giao Dau: Sparring competition
3) Tranh Thu Ky Thuat: Technical competition
1) Giao Dau Tu Huan:
Sparring is a form of training consisting of techniques used freely by two practitioners, similar to a duel. Sparring is strongly recommended to those who wish to repel a real attack by a real aggressor, or who wish to improve their automatic response techniques (punching, kicking, blocking, evading…). It frees, somewhere in a person, mental blocks and other hurdles; it reveals weaknesses on both the physical and technical levels. Sparing also develops physical and mental accessibility, absorbs anxiety due to stress, and the practitioner reaches a kind of serenity while acquiring the necessary and useful automatic reactions in case of attack. One absorbs these techniques in the club, under the supervision of a qualified instructor.
Automatic response must be evaluated in a peaceful, friendly and sportsmanlike manner, which promotes progressive improvement. To this end, several criteria should be taken into account as follows:
Giao Dau Tu Huan” should be practiced calmly, using all possible assault techniques, such as attacking (fists, feet) one's sparring partner, without any extra aggression, without sudden impact, with masterful strikes, but without altering the combative attitude.
At the same time, one must try to anticipate the partner's counter-offensive and develop a feeling for defensive tactics (blocks, dodges…), thus creating a kind of complicity with the partner regarding the evolution of the combat.
Another criterion consists of “Giao Dau Tu Huan” training by using real blows. This type of duel requires a great knowledge of sparring techniques and even more so, the ability to use appropriately automatic responses (fists, feet and offensive and defensive techniques…). This practice is not recommended for beginners.
In this context, one must always respect the three rules of “Giao Dau” in Qwan Ki Do: “Health -Safety –Technique”. This practice must never threaten the health of the performer. Avoidance of any kind of results (such as bruises, contusions, sprains, dislocations, fractures, hemorrhages, or cardiovascular irregularities…) is crucial. One must always consider the consequences, often caused by conceit and negligence, which could give rise to complications and serious health problems.
As for safety, one must absolutely use authorized protection (headgear, gloves, male and female groin cups, breast protectors for females, mouth guards, arm, leg, foot and body protectors which also cover the back and the lower abdomen). All this describes a form of duel which really tests the effectiveness of our technique. Its practice is optional, but it is a type of sparring that is entirely unique and useful.
Another criterion of “Giao Dau Tu Huan” intended for Qwan Ki Do competitions requires, in its practice, a knowledge of referee rules and regulations. One must wear protection during training as required by Qwan Ki Do competition directives.
Tactics should be used where points may be acquired. This prevents the combat from drifting into the wrong direction, thus wasting valuable competition time. This type of combat requires a knowledge of Qwan Ki Do assault techniques. Beginners have difficulty understanding this concept. Its practice, in the Club, also helps in the evaluation of physical and technical performance.
2) Tranh Thu Giao Dau

This is also a sparring sport, particular to Qwan Ki Do. It is controlled by unique rules and regulations with respect to ”Health - Safety – Comfort”. Its practice is optional, and is the result of a personal relationship and agreement between the practitioner and his club. To participate, he must follow several criteria, in the ancestral spirit of Qwan Ki Do:
Sparring must take place in “Teams” (3 to 5 for males, 2 for females).

For adult males, a glove worn on one hand can only contact the head, but avoid the triangle created by the eyes and the chin. It is strongly recommended that the official refereeing rules be followed for Tranh Thu Giao competitions when dealing with interdictions and prohibited acts, or with other categories (females, teenagers, children, traditional weapons). Detailed information regarding competition (attitude, conduct, competitive spirit) has been published in internal Qwan Ki Do documents (The art and the way - The Way of Body’s Energy).

3) Tranh Thu Ky Thuat
Like all other forms of Qwan Ki Do competitions, technical competition is optional. It is mainly for ranked practitioners who wish to compete to test their technical knowledge, seek the thrill of the contest or for their personal pleasure. One can compete singly or in teams (see the official Qwan Ki Do regulations).